Safety in Cuba
Cuba must be one of the safer countries in which to travel. This is in no small part due to the swift and severe penalties handed down for even minor crimes. Stealing from a tourist is one of the more serious crimes for which lengthy gaol terms can be given. There is also a high concentration of police in the cities, especially in tourist areas. Police in Cuba are very well paid compared to most Cubans, so they are not so prone to corruption. Also, there is no known terrorist threat to Cuba.
Crimes against tourists, however, do occur in Cuba, so it is advisable to take general precautions as you would do so when traveling in any other country. The less safe areas in Cuba would be in Central Havana and Santiago de Cuba late at night, where pick-pocketing in crowded areas, and bag-snatching have been known to occasionally occur. Violent crimes are virtually unheard of, as are armed robberies and hold-ups.
Safety recommendations while traveling in Cuba
Although they have the basics such as food, housing, health care, and education, the majority of Cubans are very poor in comparison to any tourist. So it is advisable that while in Cuba, and a basic courtesy, to not flaunt your wealth excessively and announce yourself as a potential target. Other precautions we recommend while traveling in Cuba would be not to carry lots of unnecessary cash around with you in the street, and when going somewhere late at night, to not carry external bags, to go as a group of 2 or more, and take a taxi.
If you keep in mind these basic safety precautions you will be sure to have a very enjoyable and safe visit to Cuba.